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Gene information
General information
TC004372 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007425.3: 6986395..6988711
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC004372
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_00684

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    egg production: number <50% of expected -
    vitellogenic egg chamber elongated - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC004372 RA
      MFVSHKLFP IFIVSFTLL LIFLIVTSG DDHVENFSE 
      ILDKVKKIT QCFDKPIET QIVQNGQFW VLNNYIKAS 
      ERFKCHESV TITTQGDFT FLENLPILV ERWKGPISV 
      ALYAPGTDF KHTIDSIRY LRRCNSPLI AKFVTFHIF 
      FDLEHVPKK IFQPEEGFD CDRKNPPYH TKTTYKTSQ 
      NLLYPINVA RNIARKMSQ THFILPLDI ELFPNPDFI 
      PKFLSMIAR NQPPLDRPN PRVFPLPVF EIESGQKLP 
      DNKTQLRKL LSKNLAIPF HEKICPTCH NIPEFANWM 
      KTRETPNLG VFHVGKRNG RFFHWEPIF VGTNTDPWY 
      DERLSWEGK KDKMTQGYV LCVQDYDFM ILDNAFLVH 
      KPGIKTRNR DSERRKKIV KKTKEIIEG RILPQLGHL 
      FGTRDGCNI
    CDS sequence
    • >TC004372 RA
      atgtttgtg agccacaaa cttttccca atttttatt 
      gtttccttc acgttactt ttgattttt ctaattgtg 
      actagtggt gacgatcac gttgagaat ttttcggag 
      attttggac aaagttaaa aaaatcacc cagtgtttt 
      gacaaaccc attgagacc caaattgtg caaaacggc 
      caattttgg gtcttgaac aactacata aaggcctca 
      gaacgattc aaatgccat gaaagtgtc acaataaca 
      acacaaggc gactttacg ttccttgaa aacttgccc 
      attttggtg gagagatgg aagggaccc atcagtgtg 
      gccctctac gcccctgga accgacttt aaacacacc 
      atcgactcc attcgctat ctacgccgc tgtaacagc 
      cctcttatt gcgaaattc gtcacgttt catattttt 
      ttcgacttg gaacatgtt ccaaaaaag attttccaa 
      ccggaagaa ggcttcgat tgtgacaga aaaaatccc 
      ccatatcac accaaaacc acctacaaa acctcccaa 
      aacttgctc tatcccatc aacgtggcc cggaacata 
      gcccgaaaa atgtcccaa acccacttc atcctcccc 
      ttggacatc gaactgttc ccgaatccc gactttatc 
      ccgaaattc ctgtcaatg atcgcgcgc aatcaaccg 
      cccctcgac cgtcccaac ccccgagtc ttcccgtta 
      ccagttttc gaaatcgaa tccgggcaa aaactcccc 
      gataataaa acacaactc cggaaactc ctttcgaaa 
      aatttggca attcctttc catgaaaaa atttgcccg 
      acgtgtcat aacattccg gaattcgcc aactggatg 
      aaaactcgt gaaacacca aatctgggc gttttccat 
      gttggtaaa agaaatggg cggtttttc cactgggag 
      cccattttt gttggtact aacactgat ccatggtac 
      gacgagaga ttgtcatgg gaggggaaa aaggataag 
      atgacacaa gggtacgtt ttgtgcgtc caggattat 
      gattttatg attctggat aatgcgttc ttggtccat 
      aaaccaggg attaagacc aggaatcgg gattccgaa 
      aggaggaag aaaattgtt aaaaaaacc aaagaaatt 
      attgaagga cggatttta ccacagttg ggacatcta 
      tttgggacc agagatgga tgcaatatt taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC004372 RA
      aatttccac ttagttaag caaagatta gataaaatg 
      aaacccaaa actataaat tatttgtgg attagtttt 
      aatcatgtt tgtgagcca caaactttt cccaatttt 
      tattgtttc cttcacgtt acttttgat ttttctaat 
      tgtgactag tggtgacga tcacgttga gaatttttc 
      ggagatttt ggacaaagt taaaaaaat cacccagtg 
      ttttgacaa acccattga gacccaaat tgtgcaaaa 
      cggccaatt ttgggtctt gaacaacta cataaaggc 
      ctcagaacg attcaaatg ccatgaaag tgtcacaat 
      aacaacaca aggcgactt tacgttcct tgaaaactt 
      gcccatttt ggtggagag atggaaggg acccatcag 
      tgtggccct ctacgcccc tggaaccga ctttaaaca 
      caccatcga ctccattcg ctatctacg ccgctgtaa 
      cagccctct tattgcgaa attcgtcac gtttcatat 
      ttttttcga cttggaaca tgttccaaa aaagatttt 
      ccaaccgga agaaggctt cgattgtga cagaaaaaa 
      tcccccata tcacaccaa aaccaccta caaaacctc 
      ccaaaactt gctctatcc catcaacgt ggcccggaa 
      catagcccg aaaaatgtc ccaaaccca cttcatcct 
      ccccttgga catcgaact gttcccgaa tcccgactt 
      tatcccgaa attcctgtc aatgatcgc gcgcaatca 
      accgcccct cgaccgtcc caacccccg agtcttccc 
      gttaccagt tttcgaaat cgaatccgg gcaaaaact 
      ccccgataa taaaacaca actccggaa actcctttc 
      gaaaaattt ggcaattcc tttccatga aaaaatttg 
      cccgacgtg tcataacat tccggaatt cgccaactg 
      gatgaaaac tcgtgaaac accaaatct gggcgtttt 
      ccatgttgg taaaagaaa tgggcggtt tttccactg 
      ggagcccat ttttgttgg tactaacac tgatccatg 
      gtacgacga gagattgtc atgggaggg gaaaaagga 
      taagatgac acaagggta cgttttgtg cgtccagga 
      ttatgattt tatgattct ggataatgc gttcttggt 
      ccataaacc agggattaa gaccaggaa tcgggattc 
      cgaaaggag gaagaaaat tgttaaaaa aaccaaaga 
      aattattga aggacggat tttaccaca gttgggaca 
      tctatttgg gaccagaga tggatgcaa tatttaatt 
      tttgttcct ttatttttt tgtaataat ttgaaactt 
      tgaagaata aaaaaatta aacaaat
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY