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Gene information
General information
TC004218 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NW_015451172.1: 24825..26743
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC004218
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_00671

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 70.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 6 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 80.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    pupal molt not fulfilled (died as prepupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection



    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (22 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Pupal morphology
    antenna orientation irregular - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    wings shortened - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC004218 RA
      MALLGHLRG LCVVGTHLR VSLVRLHVL 
      SRPPRYSPP TGGRSLYLW TKPSQRDLK 
      IADDIPDTY DLIYRNTMG RYVLGAQII 
      TLLAGGAVL LGYALLSEY EHFEGEVTK 
      WSPTSRATD DQEVIYAAF FVLFAISIQ 
      TMIRRVPIR IYKVPQTPK YISINYGPF 
      GKQRFSFKR GEVFHGKET GFLPWKENR 
      YVVQTKKVK RNLIMLETY FRKPADMNI 
      MLGEQKDPD LEETSSRNI
    CDS sequence
    • >TC004218 RA
      atggcactc ctcggccac ctgcggggc ctttgtgtc 
      gttgggacc cacctccgg gtcagtctg gtgcggctg 
      cacgtgttg tcaaggccc ccacggtac agccccccg 
      accgggggc cgttccctc tacttgtgg acgaagcct 
      tcgcagcgt gacttgaag atcgcggac gacatcccg 
      gacacctac gacctgatt taccgcaac actatgggt 
      agatacgtc ctgggggcc caaataatc acacttttg 
      gccggaggc gccgtgttg ttggggtac gccttattg 
      tccgagtat gaacacttt gagggcgag gtcacgaag 
      tggagcccc acgtctcgg gctaccgat gaccaggaa 
      gtgatttat gccgcgttt tttgtactg tttgcgatt 
      tcgattcaa acaatgatc agacgtgtc cccatcagg 
      atttacaaa gtgccacaa acgcccaaa tatatttcc 
      atcaattat ggccccttt gggaaacaa aggttcagt 
      tttaagagg ggcgaagtc tttcacggg aaggagact 
      gggtttttg ccatggaag gaaaacaga tacgttgtt 
      cagacgaaa aaagtcaag cggaattta attatgctt 
      gagacttat ttcagaaaa ccggctgat atgaacatc 
      atgttgggg gaacaaaag gatccagat cttgaagag 
      acgtccagt agaaacatt taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC004218 RA
      tgtcttcac acaaatcca aaacaagcc aattcaaac 
      acagaaagg attgttttt aattattct gggacgcaa 
      aataattaa tcacaagaa gctttctag cccctttaa 
      ttgaaaaac acaagaaat aaactgcta ggtgcggaa 
      acacgtggg gaattttct ttcgtgtgg ttgccgacc 
      agaacttaa cctcgaaat tggtcagaa ttttcgatt 
      tttctccct gaaatggca ctcctcggc cacctgcgg 
      ggcctttgt gtcgttggg acccacctc cgggtcagt 
      ctggtgcgg ctgcacgtg ttgtcaagg cccccacgg 
      tacagcccc ccgaccggg ggccgttcc ctctacttg 
      tggacgaag ccttcgcag cgtgacttg aagatcgcg 
      gacgacatc ccggacacc tacgacctg atttaccgc 
      aacactatg ggtagatac gtcctgggg gcccaaata 
      atcacactt ttggccgga ggcgccgtg ttgttgggg 
      tacgcctta ttgtccgag tatgaacac tttgagggc 
      gaggtcacg aagtggagc cccacgtct cgggctacc 
      gatgaccag gaagtgatt tatgccgcg ttttttgta 
      ctgtttgcg atttcgatt caaacaatg atcagacgt 
      gtccccatc aggatttac aaagtgcca caaacgccc 
      aaatatatt tccatcaat tatggcccc tttgggaaa 
      caaaggttc agttttaag aggggcgaa gtctttcac 
      gggaaggag actgggttt ttgccatgg aaggaaaac 
      agatacgtt gttcagacg aaaaaagtc aagcggaat 
      ttaattatg cttgagact tatttcaga aaaccggct 
      gatatgaac atcatgttg ggggaacaa aaggatcca 
      gatcttgaa gagacgtcc agtagaaac atttaaagc 
      gttttattt ttattaact ttaacaaga tgactgtta 
      atatataaa atgtacagc tttcttgat caagttggc 
      caaactcta ctgtttcct taattgatc aaggaagct 
      gtgatataa tttattgca ataaatgta aaaatgtcg 
      caccagtct taagtctag gcctgtaac aatgaatgg 
      cggctaaaa taacattgt aataaaatt atttggctt 
      aatagacga ttatttgca tcatacgga ggactaaaa 
      atcagctaa tgccaggtc aaatcaaac gacccgccc 
      ttttttgtt agttccatg acggccacc aggtggcgc 
      aattcctag gccgtccac aaaaaatta acaaattgc 
      aagtattca ccaatttgt gttcgattt tgggtaaca 
      ctgtagcga ttttttcca attgtaatt catcgtaaa 
      tttatttta ggtgtggtg acatttagt gatgtttgg 
      tcgtacggt tggtaatga aacaattgg cggctcatc 
      aaacgcgta atggccgct ttgccggta aataaaatt 
      cggaaaaac ggtgttaat tcgctaaat tcgtacgag 
      ttttagtgc acaagtgtg aaaagacgg tttgtgctt 
      cactttgga gtggtcgga ctcgaggaa aatcgcaat 
      ttttacgag tgagtacca cttgggtta tcggtggag 
      gtgcgttcg gaaagtcgg tttttgcgt tcaaatacc 
      aataaaaac gcattacgg gtgttaaaa ctgtttaaa 
      agtagtgaa tttgtggat ttttgccgg tttttggag 
      tccattgac cccaaatta gaaaagcaa agccttcta 
      gcgcatttc gactttttc tagacgctt tgatgatcg 
      tgacgtcat caaccatgc gactagatt gtatttaat 
      cagcatttg acaaataaa ttaattttt aaaacggaa 
      cagcaatca ttttatgtt aaacaatga aataataac 
      ctctctttt ga
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY