Status
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Gene information
General information
TC004022 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 31206764..31208308
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC004022
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

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      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
      {{ goGene }}
      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
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      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
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      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
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      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
      If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
      Name
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      Email
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      Publish name
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      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_00654

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
      embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
      larval musculature complete not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

      affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
      egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
      cuticle remnants without visible segmentation, differentiation or axis - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      larva cuticle cuticularisation decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
      larva shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

      Comment: Larvae seem to lack an inner support structure, appearance is softened, a-p squished, saccate.  Sometimes they appear shrunk.
      larva size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      abdomen cuticle dorsal not fused - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      adult lethality immediately after eclosion - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
      Days post injection


      remarks: later than schedule,
      Pupal morphology
      remarks: later than schedule,
      Adult morphology
      remarks: later than schedule,
      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC004022 RA
        MSEIHVEKS DSDVSADSW SLLDETDEP NSEQNSSDE 
        VEFDGETAK GKNDGFLTF DEYLQERLL EYDYEHQEK 
        PQKLRRLYK DKFRSFRKC KAKTLGISI LLTIVLLLS 
        AFATLCSTL SQPPGDELE EVHFNPIKR NNSTNHLEH 
        FNETLKNFE EVRKVVALP PPPRPTKSN ETITKPIFG 
        PQYKFPKPN FPTCPRKTQ PKVTKTKWT ILKDILLDS 
        NFHALVSLI MTNVYLFAL FCDFAKKPS PKTQFNRLD 
        ETLLEDLVK SNNVEEIRR YLFKELPFW NAEFLPKTL 
        KRRKKCSVS VETSDKKPE DYIYRSCPF LSKETIDPV 
        VVPCVETGI SECQRRFEE LDQHQKKYN HLKHTQKNR 
        IRLLKQKFR NEVSFIKDT EEESEARAE KINRTSQMF 
        IKKLKNNRE KYLVELKKV RELRQKVSQ SRNKERKDV 
        AIGTFALAL PPIYDYGEK FRMIKEKFE RENDEIPKF 
        RFH
      CDS sequence
      • >TC004022 RA
        atgagcgaa attcatgtg gaaaagagc gattcggac 
        gtcagtgca gactcatgg tcacttctc gacgaaacg 
        gacgaacca aactctgaa caaaactca tccgacgaa 
        gttgagttc gacggcgaa acggcgaag ggaaaaaac 
        gacggtttc ctgactttt gacgaatat ttgcaagag 
        cgcctcctg gaatacgac tacgaacac caggagaaa 
        ccgcagaaa ttacgccga ttgtacaaa gacaagttc 
        cggagcttc cggaaatgc aaagccaaa actctcggt 
        atttctatt cttttgacg attgttcta ctactctca 
        gctttcgct actttatgt tcgacactt tcgcagcct 
        ccgggagac gaactggaa gaagtgcac tttaaccca 
        atcaaaaga aacaactca acaaatcat ctggaacat 
        ttcaacgaa actttgaaa aattttgaa gaagttagg 
        aaagttgtt gcacttccg ccaccacca agaccaacc 
        aaaagcaac gaaactatc acaaaacca atttttggg 
        ccccaatat aaattccct aaaccaaat tttccaaca 
        tgtccgagg aaaactcag cccaaagtc actaaaacg 
        aaatggaca atcttgaaa gatattctt ctagattca 
        aatttccac gctttggtt tcgctaatc atgaccaat 
        gtctacctc ttcgctcta ttttgtgat tttgccaaa 
        aaacccagt cctaagaca caatttaac cgattggac 
        gaaacgcta cttgaagat ttggtgaag agtaacaac 
        gttgaagaa atcaggaga tacctcttc aaggaacta 
        cccttctgg aacgccgag tttcttcca aaaactcta 
        aagaggagg aagaaatgt tccgtttcg gtggaaaca 
        agcgacaag aaaccagaa gattacatt tacaggtct 
        tgccctttc ctctccaag gaaacaata gatccagtt 
        gttgttccg tgtgttgaa actgggatc agtgagtgc 
        caacgcagg tttgaagaa cttgaccaa caccaaaaa 
        aagtataac catctgaag cacactcag aagaatagg 
        attaggctg ttgaagcag aagtttcgg aatgaagtt 
        tcatttatt aaagatacg gaggaagag tcggaagca 
        agggctgag aagataaat aggacgagt cagatgttt 
        atcaagaaa ttgaagaat aacagggag aagtatttg 
        gtcgagttg aagaaagtg agggagttg aggcagaaa 
        gtttcacag agtcggaat aaggaaagg aaggatgtg 
        gcaattggg acgtttgcg ttggctttg cccccgatt 
        tatgattat ggggagaag tttcgcatg attaaggag 
        aagtttgag agggagaat gatgaaatt ccgaagttt 
        cgatttcat tga
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC004022 RA
        gcgaaacaa acaaacacc atcacgtca aattttcat 
        taaaaaaac tccatacat tctgtcaaa atctccagt 
        aaattcgag actatgagc gaaattcat gtggaaaag 
        agcgattcg gacgtcagt gcagactca tggtcactt 
        ctcgacgaa acggacgaa ccaaactct gaacaaaac 
        tcatccgac gaagttgag ttcgacggc gaaacggcg 
        aagggaaaa aacgacggt ttcctgact tttgacgaa 
        tatttgcaa gagcgcctc ctggaatac gactacgaa 
        caccaggag aaaccgcag aaattacgc cgattgtac 
        aaagacaag ttccggagc ttccggaaa tgcaaagcc 
        aaaactctc ggtatttct attcttttg acgattgtt 
        ctactactc tcagctttc gctacttta tgttcgaca 
        ctttcgcag cctccggga gacgaactg gaagaagtg 
        cactttaac ccaatcaaa agaaacaac tcaacaaat 
        catctggaa catttcaac gaaactttg aaaaatttt 
        gaagaagtt aggaaagtt gttgcactt ccgccacca 
        ccaagacca accaaaagc aacgaaact atcacaaaa 
        ccaattttt gggccccaa tataaattc cctaaacca 
        aattttcca acatgtccg aggaaaact cagcccaaa 
        gtcactaaa acgaaatgg acaatcttg aaagatatt 
        cttctagat tcaaatttc cacgctttg gtttcgcta 
        atcatgacc aatgtctac ctcttcgct ctattttgt 
        gattttgcc aaaaaaccc agtcctaag acacaattt 
        aaccgattg gacgaaacg ctacttgaa gatttggtg 
        aagagtaac aacgttgaa gaaatcagg agatacctc 
        ttcaaggaa ctacccttc tggaacgcc gagtttctt 
        ccaaaaact ctaaagagg aggaagaaa tgttccgtt 
        tcggtggaa acaagcgac aagaaacca gaagattac 
        atttacagg tcttgccct ttcctctcc aaggaaaca 
        atagatcca gttgttgtt ccgtgtgtt gaaactggg 
        atcagtgag tgccaacgc aggtttgaa gaacttgac 
        caacaccaa aaaaagtat aaccatctg aagcacact 
        cagaagaat aggattagg ctgttgaag cagaagttt 
        cggaatgaa gtttcattt attaaagat acggaggaa 
        gagtcggaa gcaagggct gagaagata aataggacg 
        agtcagatg tttatcaag aaattgaag aataacagg 
        gagaagtat ttggtcgag ttgaagaaa gtgagggag 
        ttgaggcag aaagtttca cagagtcgg aataaggaa 
        aggaaggat gtggcaatt gggacgttt gcgttggct 
        ttgcccccg atttatgat tatggggag aagtttcgc 
        atgattaag gagaagttt gagagggag aatgatgaa 
        attccgaag tttcgattt cattgattt gacaatcat 
        ttggcattt tatcaataa agacatgac atttta
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY