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Gene information
General information
TC002767 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 11920185..11921116
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC002767
    iBeetle screen iB_00437

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC002767 RA
      MARQAIFLA ILAWGHCGA TNLKRIQAH VAPSKLHII 
      GGDEVVPHS VPYQVGLKI NGNAFCGGA LISPNYVLT 
      AAHCGKVIR SVDVILGAH NISNPSEDT QVTIAGSKI 
      INHENYNSG NYRNDICLI QLSQPAPIN DNIQVAKLP 
      PSSDLDKSY FDETVTATG WGLIKDVPF PTTKDMSDV 
      LTKVDVKVS NITECGMYY NDDEDTYVV DTNLCTSGY 
      RNKGTCNGD SGGPLSLDG VLIGVTSFG TLLCEMCSP 
      SVYTKVVNY LDWIAANSD VKTF
    CDS sequence
    • >TC002767 RA
      atggcaagg caagcaatt ttcttggcc attctggct 
      tgggggcac tgtggtgca acaaactta aaacgcatc 
      caagctcat gtggcgcct tctaaactt catattatt 
      ggcggagat gaagtagta ccacattcc gtcccgtac 
      caagttggt ctaaaaatc aacggaaat gcattctgt 
      ggaggagcc cttatttca ccaaattat gtcctgaca 
      gcagctcat tgtggtaaa gtgattaga tcagtcgat 
      gtgattttg ggcgctcat aacatttct aatccctct 
      gaagataca caagttaca atcgctggt agtaaaatc 
      atcaatcac gaaaactac aattctggg aattatcgc 
      aacgatatt tgtctgatt cagttatca caaccagcc 
      cctattaat gacaatatc caagtagct aaactacca 
      ccgagtagt gatttggat aaaagttat tttgacgaa 
      acggtcaca gcgacaggt tgggggtta attaaggac 
      gttcctttt ccaaccacc aaagacatg tctgatgtt 
      cttacaaaa gttgatgtc aaagtttca aatataacg 
      gaatgtggg atgtactat aatgatgat gaagatact 
      tatgttgtt gatacgaat ctctgtacc tcggggtat 
      agaaataaa ggaacgtgt aatggagat tctggcggg 
      cctttgagt ctggatggg gtgcttatt ggagttact 
      tcttttggg acactactg tgtgaaatg tgtagtcct 
      tcagtgtat acgaaagtt gtgaattac cttgactgg 
      attgctgca aattctgac gtcaaaact ttttaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC002767 RA
      ttcttgctt aacatggca aggcaagca attttcttg 
      gccattctg gcttggggg cactgtggt gcaacaaac 
      ttaaaacgc atccaagct catgtggcg ccttctaaa 
      cttcatatt attggcgga gatgaagta gtaccacat 
      tccgtcccg taccaagtt ggtctaaaa atcaacgga 
      aatgcattc tgtggagga gcccttatt tcaccaaat 
      tatgtcctg acagcagct cattgtggt aaagtgatt 
      agatcagtc gatgtgatt ttgggcgct cataacatt 
      tctaatccc tctgaagat acacaagtt acaatcgct 
      ggtagtaaa atcatcaat cacgaaaac tacaattct 
      gggaattat cgcaacgat atttgtctg attcagtta 
      tcacaacca gcccctatt aatgacaat atccaagta 
      gctaaacta ccaccgagt agtgatttg gataaaagt 
      tattttgac gaaacggtc acagcgaca ggttggggg 
      ttaattaag gacgttcct tttccaacc accaaagac 
      atgtctgat gttcttaca aaagttgat gtcaaagtt 
      tcaaatata acggaatgt gggatgtac tataatgat 
      gatgaagat acttatgtt gttgatacg aatctctgt 
      acctcgggg tatagaaat aaaggaacg tgtaatgga 
      gattctggc gggcctttg agtctggat ggggtgctt 
      attggagtt acttctttt gggacacta ctgtgtgaa 
      atgtgtagt ccttcagtg tatacgaaa gttgtgaat 
      taccttgac tggattgct gcaaattct gacgtcaaa 
      actttttaa caataaagg tgtttaatt ttttgataa 
      ataaatatt tctgaaaga g
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY