Status
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Gene information
General information
TC002293 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NW_015451937.1: 18265..60051
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC002293
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.

    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_00351

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC002293 RA
      MEVKLQPED IATGDELET GAEEIRATI KILQTSKEV 
      TRWEPYQVN NTLKAQQNI VFFNRVPKV GSQTLMELI 
      RRLSIRNNF GFHQDRVQR VETIRLSPE DQAVLSSLV 
      SSYEPPGVY IKHVCFTNI SRFGFPEPI YINLVRDPV 
      ERVISWYYY VRAPWYYVE RKIAFPDIP LPDPKWLKK 
      DFEHCVLSG DRECKYLTG ETREGIGDH RRQSMFFCG 
      HHSECLPFN TPGALERAK RVVEQHYAV VGVLEDLNT 
      TLTVLEKYI PRFFTGAYE IYWNEISRF NPINKNAFK 
      PPVSETVKN IVRQNFTKE IEFYQFCKQ RLHKQYSAL 
      QLDNKT
    CDS sequence
    • >TC002293 RA
      atggaagtg aaacttcag ccggaagat attgcaact 
      ggtgatgaa ctagaaact ggtgctgaa gaaatacga 
      gctacgatc aagattttg cagacctcc aaagaggtt 
      accaggtgg gaaccatat caagtaaat aacaccctg 
      aaagcacag cagaacatt gttttcttc aatcgagtt 
      ccaaaagtt ggttcccaa actttaatg gaattaata 
      cgacgatta agtataaga aataatttt ggctttcat 
      caagatagg gtgcaaaga gtggaaaca attagactc 
      tctccagaa gatcaagca gtattatca tccctggtg 
      tctagttat gaacctcca ggagtttat atcaaacat 
      gtttgcttt accaacata tcaagattt ggatttcct 
      gaaccaatt tatataaat ctcgtacgc gacccagtg 
      gaacgcgtg atttcttgg tattattat gtaagagct 
      ccatggtac tacgttgaa agaaaaatt gcctttcct 
      gacattcct cttccagat cctaaatgg ctaaaaaag 
      gattttgaa cattgcgtt ttgagcggt gatcgagaa 
      tgcaaatat ctgacggga gaaactcgt gaaggaata 
      ggagaccac agacgtcaa tctatgttt ttctgtggc 
      catcattct gaatgtttg ccatttaat acaccaggt 
      gccttagag cgagcaaaa agagttgtt gaacaacac 
      tacgcagtg gtcggagtc ctagaagat ttaaataca 
      actttaaca gtactagaa aaatacata cccagattt 
      ttcacagga gcatatgag atatattgg aatgaaatc 
      agtagattc aatcccatc aacaagaat gcttttaaa 
      ccacctgtt agtgaaacc gttaagaat attgtaaga 
      caaaatttt acaaaagaa atagaattt tatcaattc 
      tgtaaacaa agactgcac aaacaatat tcagcctta 
      caactggat aacaaaaca tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC002293 RA
      ttgtttgag tgagatgca gtgtcttgt taaggttcg 
      atgatgttc tgtttcaaa aacaaaacc gctagtaat 
      taagaaacg aacatgctt tgattacat taaaatatc 
      aactgtttt ataaaaatt ttttttaat aactgctaa 
      taattcagt gacataaaa atatggatt ttctttgga 
      ggtatcgga gattttcaa taccaaaaa gaacaagtg 
      agctggttg cttttattg caatatcag caacattgt 
      ttcttttta tgcacacaa gagatttac attctaaat 
      taaaagaaa tggaagtga aacttcagc cggaagata 
      ttgcaactg gtgatgaac tagaaactg gtgctgaag 
      aaatacgag ctacgatca agattttgc agacctcca 
      aagaggtta ccaggtggg aaccatatc aagtaaata 
      acaccctga aagcacagc agaacattg ttttcttca 
      atcgagttc caaaagttg gttcccaaa ctttaatgg 
      aattaatac gacgattaa gtataagaa ataattttg 
      gctttcatc aagataggg tgcaaagag tggaaacaa 
      ttagactct ctccagaag atcaagcag tattatcat 
      ccctggtgt ctagttatg aacctccag gagtttata 
      tcaaacatg tttgcttta ccaacatat caagatttg 
      gatttcctg aaccaattt atataaatc tcgtacgcg 
      acccagtgg aacgcgtga tttcttggt attattatg 
      taagagctc catggtact acgttgaaa gaaaaattg 
      cctttcctg acattcctc ttccagatc ctaaatggc 
      taaaaaagg attttgaac attgcgttt tgagcggtg 
      atcgagaat gcaaatatc tgacgggag aaactcgtg 
      aaggaatag gagaccaca gacgtcaat ctatgtttt 
      tctgtggcc atcattctg aatgtttgc catttaata 
      caccaggtg ccttagagc gagcaaaaa gagttgttg 
      aacaacact acgcagtgg tcggagtcc tagaagatt 
      taaatacaa ctttaacag tactagaaa aatacatac 
      ccagatttt tcacaggag catatgaga tatattgga 
      atgaaatca gtagattca atcccatca acaagaatg 
      cttttaaac cacctgtta gtgaaaccg ttaagaata 
      ttgtaagac aaaatttta caaaagaaa tagaatttt 
      atcaattct gtaaacaaa gactgcaca aacaatatt 
      cagccttac aactggata acaaaacat agaaaattc 
      tgtaagata gcacattca cgcatgtta tttatattc 
      atccatacc tatacatat ctatgggga gttcaactg 
      aaaagttca tcaagttac ctttgaaat gttattgga 
      agaagatgg aacgaaaaa gggatgtga taattattg 
      taaaagttt tcggcagtg tgacaagtt gacgttgtt 
      cgttgtact tagtattta cattattgt ctaataaat 
      tttcattaa acac
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY