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Gene information
General information
TC001287 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007417.3: 13969569..13970791
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC001287
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_00236

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    ovary without detectable defects - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 6
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    adult lethality immediately after eclosion - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    egg production: number no/almost no eggs -
    vitellogenic egg chamber late decreased - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    vitellogenic egg chamber early number increased - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    tropharium shape irregular - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    tropharium size decreased - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC001287 RA
      MITLRVLSR HINYVAVNR NCLNVTSCI RQLSGLSVL 
      SQERFGNQH STAALTFVR KYAKGKDRK KEKGKAKVH 
      VNESQLSEI VNVESLKTQ MQKAVDLLK EDYVKHLSV 
      RTTTGSVES IPVELDGKT HSLQELAQI IRKNPKTLV 
      INMSVFPQA IPAALKAIE KSGMNLNPQ QDGTTLFIP 
      IPKVTTEHR ENLAKSAKT MFIKCRDGI RDVQNKQVK 
      SLKKKDKVS EDMARNSEQ QIVAIADAY IAEAEKILE 
      SKQKELVGK N
    CDS sequence
    • >TC001287 RA
      atgattacg ctgagagtc ttatctcgg cacattaat 
      tatgttgca gtgaatagg aattgtcta aatgtgaca 
      agttgtatt cgacaattg tcaggcctt tctgtgttg 
      tcgcaggag agattcggc aatcaacac tcaactgca 
      gccctcact tttgttcgc aaatatgca aaaggcaaa 
      gacaggaag aaggaaaaa ggtaaagcc aaagtgcat 
      gttaacgag agccagtta tctgaaata gtcaatgtg 
      gaatctctg aaaactcaa atgcaaaaa gctgttgat 
      ttattgaag gaagactac gtgaaacac ctttcagtg 
      agaacaact acaggttca gtggaaagc atccctgtc 
      gagttggat ggtaaaaca cattcacta caggaactc 
      gcccaaatc atcaggaaa aacccgaaa actttggtc 
      ataaatatg tcagtcttc cctcaagct atccctgcc 
      gccttgaaa gcaatcgaa aaatctgga atgaatttg 
      aatccacaa caagacggg acaactctt tttattccc 
      atacctaag gttacaaca gaacatagg gaaaatttg 
      gcaaaaagc gctaaaacc atgtttatt aaatgtcgc 
      gatgggatc agagacgtc cagaataaa caagtcaag 
      tctttgaag aaaaaagac aaagtttcg gaggacatg 
      gccagaaat tcggagcaa caaatcgtc gctattgca 
      gatgcttac attgcagag gctgagaaa atactggaa 
      agtaagcag aaagaatta gtcgggaaa aactaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC001287 RA
      aagtccgaa aatttacta gcttttaag gttataatt 
      ttcatggta gtgataagt ttaaggtta ttttaagaa 
      tttggttca ataacaaca tgattacgc tgagagtct 
      tatctcggc acattaatt atgttgcag tgaatagga 
      attgtctaa atgtgacaa gttgtattc gacaattgt 
      caggccttt ctgtgttgt cgcaggaga gattcggca 
      atcaacact caactgcag ccctcactt ttgttcgca 
      aatatgcaa aaggcaaag acaggaaga aggaaaaag 
      gtaaagcca aagtgcatg ttaacgaga gccagttat 
      ctgaaatag tcaatgtgg aatctctga aaactcaaa 
      tgcaaaaag ctgttgatt tattgaagg aagactacg 
      tgaaacacc tttcagtga gaacaacta caggttcag 
      tggaaagca tccctgtcg agttggatg gtaaaacac 
      attcactac aggaactcg cccaaatca tcaggaaaa 
      acccgaaaa ctttggtca taaatatgt cagtcttcc 
      ctcaagcta tccctgccg ccttgaaag caatcgaaa 
      aatctggaa tgaatttga atccacaac aagacggga 
      caactcttt ttattccca tacctaagg ttacaacag 
      aacataggg aaaatttgg caaaaagcg ctaaaacca 
      tgtttatta aatgtcgcg atgggatca gagacgtcc 
      agaataaac aagtcaagt ctttgaaga aaaaagaca 
      aagtttcgg aggacatgg ccagaaatt cggagcaac 
      aaatcgtcg ctattgcag atgcttaca ttgcagagg 
      ctgagaaaa tactggaaa gtaagcaga aagaattag 
      tcgggaaaa actaattat tctttcatg gggtgattc 
      tgcttaaaa ctaatagtt gcacccaat tcagcgccc 
      actgtttaa tacgtaatg actttctct atgcctgtg 
      atttttttc agaattttt ctacccatt tttcatttt 
      tgcaactac ttaagagta gttaattaa ttttaatta 
      taagaaatt gtagaaaaa ttc
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY