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Gene information
General information
TC000967 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

scaffold_seqid7: 3491958..3496582
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC000967
    iBeetle screen iB_00199
    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 50.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC000967 RA
      MDSTQEQVV MTPKCKTAN STTLIIERR AVNKTNEKM 
      HVAGGEHTG IIINKETTN ENGVSAPAE LSLEFRVFL 
      VSAQTGKHT QESRTLRFW FREQEGEKA AVAQDFFKE 
      LVSPQEFPR DYVGFIKKV MKLMQHNYK SITKVEVEL 
      TQLQEAQVP TRPLSADEN SLGNVVLLT REKVLEIIE 
      SSYPNPITI QDIAKENGW DEEEVAHHI ADLQSSNIV 
      KAMEHGAFT RQQSHDTQV IIVKQMPTM VSSKQPTIA 
      IITAQYCEK LAVDAMIEN KETFVRYTT VGESNVYTL 
      GNIGAHRIV CTKLPSVGH TREAMTAAG NTTTRLLGT 
      FQKVDYVFL VGVGGGVPH YTDYNKHVR LGDVVISHP 
      VDNKDVYVY CETAKVSDK GYDFEVKHY RPNNFILQD 
      ISSQLKSSD SGDNGTVSP WAKYLKDGL NILSSQIET 
      DFNPPSVET DKLYMTIGE RDLIEVAHP VPQDKNIKR 
      QEGCPRIHL STIASGRLI VRDDRLRQK FASEMGALA 
      FDCEFDAVI ESVLGNCKD SFIIIRGIS DYKDGTRRK 
      EWQPYASLA AASVMKSII CGLEPPTNV
    CDS sequence
    • >TC000967 RA
      atggactcg actcaagaa caagttgta atgactcca 
      aaatgcaaa actgccaat tcaacgact ctcataatc 
      gaaagacgg gctgtgaat aaaaccaat gagaaaatg 
      cacgtggct gggggtgaa cacaccgga attataata 
      aataaagaa accacaaat gaaaacggc gtttcggcc 
      ccggctgag ctctcgctc gagtttcgg gttttttta 
      gtcagtgca cagacgggg aaacacacc caggaatca 
      cgaacttta cggttctgg ttccgggaa caggaaggc 
      gagaaggcg gctgtggcg caggacttc ttcaaggaa 
      ttagtcagc ccacaggag ttccccaga gattatgtc 
      ggatttatt aaaaaagtc atgaaactg atgcaacat 
      aattataag agtatcacg aaagtggag gtcgaatta 
      actcagctg caggaagcc caagtcccg acaaggcca 
      ctatcagcc gacgaaaac tcattggga aatgtagtg 
      ttactgacg cgcgaaaaa gtcttagaa ataattgaa 
      tcgtcttat ccgaaccct atcacaatc caagacatt 
      gcaaaggaa aatggttgg gatgaggag gaagtggcc 
      catcacatt gccgattta caatcaagc aacattgtc 
      aaagccatg gaacatggc gcttttacc cgccaacag 
      tcccacgat actcaagta attatcgtg aaacaaatg 
      ccgacgatg gtcagctcc aaacaaccg acaatcgcc 
      ataatcaca gcccagtac tgtgagaaa ttggccgtg 
      gatgcgatg attgaaaac aaggagact ttcgtgaga 
      tatacaaca gtaggggaa tccaatgtt tacactttg 
      gggaacatt ggggcccac cgtattgtg tgcacgaaa 
      ttgccctca gtgggccat actcgggaa gcaatgacc 
      gctgctggt aacacaacc acgagactt ttggggacg 
      ttccagaag gtagattat gtgtttttg gtcggtgtg 
      ggtggggga gtcccccat tacaccgac tataacaag 
      catgtccgg ttaggagac gtcgtgatt tcgcatccc 
      gtcgataat aaggacgtg tacgtttat tgcgagacg 
      gccaaagtc agcgataag ggttacgat tttgaggtc 
      aaacactac cgccccaat aacttcatt ttgcaagac 
      atttcctca cagttaaag tcgtccgat tcgggtgat 
      aatgggacg gtttcaccg tgggccaaa tatctcaag 
      gatggttta aatattctc agttcgcaa atcgagacc 
      gattttaac cccccgagt gtggaaacc gacaaactg 
      tacatgact atcggtgaa agggacttg atcgaagtg 
      gcccatcct gtgccacag gacaaaaac attaaaagg 
      caggagggt tgccctcgc atccactta tccaccata 
      gcttcaggc cgtctgatc gtccgcgat gaccgcttg 
      agacagaag tttgcgtct gaaatgggg gctttggcg 
      ttcgattgc gaatttgac gctgttata gagtcggtt 
      cttggcaat tgcaaggat agttttatc ataattcgg 
      ggcatttct gattataaa gacggtact agacgcaaa 
      gagtggcaa ccgtatgcg tctctagcc gctgctagt 
      gttatgaag tcgatcatt tgcggccta gagccacca 
      actaacgtt tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC000967 RA
      atggactcg actcaagaa caagttgta atgactcca 
      aaatgcaaa actgccaat tcaacgact ctcataatc 
      gaaagacgg gctgtgaat aaaaccaat gagaaaatg 
      cacgtggct gggggtgaa cacaccgga attataata 
      aataaagaa accacaaat gaaaacggc gtttcggcc 
      ccggctgag ctctcgctc gagtttcgg gttttttta 
      gtcagtgca cagacgggg aaacacacc caggaatca 
      cgaacttta cggttctgg ttccgggaa caggaaggc 
      gagaaggcg gctgtggcg caggacttc ttcaaggaa 
      ttagtcagc ccacaggag ttccccaga gattatgtc 
      ggatttatt aaaaaagtc atgaaactg atgcaacat 
      aattataag agtatcacg aaagtggag gtcgaatta 
      actcagctg caggaagcc caagtcccg acaaggcca 
      ctatcagcc gacgaaaac tcattggga aatgtagtg 
      ttactgacg cgcgaaaaa gtcttagaa ataattgaa 
      tcgtcttat ccgaaccct atcacaatc caagacatt 
      gcaaaggaa aatggttgg gatgaggag gaagtggcc 
      catcacatt gccgattta caatcaagc aacattgtc 
      aaagccatg gaacatggc gcttttacc cgccaacag 
      tcccacgat actcaagta attatcgtg aaacaaatg 
      ccgacgatg gtcagctcc aaacaaccg acaatcgcc 
      ataatcaca gcccagtac tgtgagaaa ttggccgtg 
      gatgcgatg attgaaaac aaggagact ttcgtgaga 
      tatacaaca gtaggggaa tccaatgtt tacactttg 
      gggaacatt ggggcccac cgtattgtg tgcacgaaa 
      ttgccctca gtgggccat actcgggaa gcaatgacc 
      gctgctggt aacacaacc acgagactt ttggggacg 
      ttccagaag gtagattat gtgtttttg gtcggtgtg 
      ggtggggga gtcccccat tacaccgac tataacaag 
      catgtccgg ttaggagac gtcgtgatt tcgcatccc 
      gtcgataat aaggacgtg tacgtttat tgcgagacg 
      gccaaagtc agcgataag ggttacgat tttgaggtc 
      aaacactac cgccccaat aacttcatt ttgcaagac 
      atttcctca cagttaaag tcgtccgat tcgggtgat 
      aatgggacg gtttcaccg tgggccaaa tatctcaag 
      gatggttta aatattctc agttcgcaa atcgagacc 
      gattttaac cccccgagt gtggaaacc gacaaactg 
      tacatgact atcggtgaa agggacttg atcgaagtg 
      gcccatcct gtgccacag gacaaaaac attaaaagg 
      caggagggt tgccctcgc atccactta tccaccata 
      gcttcaggc cgtctgatc gtccgcgat gaccgcttg 
      agacagaag tttgcgtct gaaatgggg gctttggcg 
      ttcgattgc gaatttgac gctgttata gagtcggtt 
      cttggcaat tgcaaggat agttttatc ataattcgg 
      ggcatttct gattataaa gacggtact agacgcaaa 
      gagtggcaa ccgtatgcg tctctagcc gctgctagt 
      gttatgaag tcgatcatt tgcggccta gagccacca 
      actaacgtt tag