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Gene information
General information
TC000616 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007417.3: 8981664..8983048
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC000616
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_00142

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 larval musculature differentiation incomplete - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 11.11% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 11.11% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC000616 RA
      MSEPQCKRS KMTSSLEQL KALTTVVAD TGDFEAMKN 
      YKPTDATTN PSLILAASA LPQYKHLVQ KAVQYGNKV 
      GQTTEEKLE NAMDLLCVL FGVEILKIV PGRVSTEVD 
      ARLSFDKEA SIAKAKKLI QLYADHGIA KERVLIKLA 
      STWEGIQAA RELEQKHGI HCNLTLLFN FAQAVACAE 
      AGVTLISPF VGRILDWNI ANTDKKSYT GDEDPGVVS 
      VTKIYNYYK KFGYKTVVM GASFRNIEE IKALAGCDL 
      LTISPKLLG ELEASGDPV PRKLSPENA AKQPLEKIA 
      LTESTFRWM LNEDKMATD KLSEGIRNF AADSVKLEN 
      TIKTQLKAS PKK
    CDS sequence
    • >TC000616 RA
      atgtcagag cctcagtgc aaaagaagc aagatgacc 
      agctcgctg gaacagctg aaggctttg accacggtg 
      gtggccgac accggggat ttcgaagca atgaaaaac 
      tacaaaccg accgacgcc accaccaac ccctcccta 
      atcctggcc gcctccgcc ctcccccag tacaaacac 
      ctggtgcag aaggccgtg caatacggc aacaaggtg 
      ggccaaacc accgaggaa aagctggaa aatgcgatg 
      gacctactg tgtgtcctt ttcggcgtg gaaattctg 
      aaaatcgtc cctggacgc gtctcgact gaagtcgac 
      gctcgatta tccttcgac aaggaagcg agtatcgcg 
      aaagcgaaa aagctgatc cagctttac gccgaccac 
      gggatcgcc aaagagcgc gttttgatc aaactggcc 
      tccacctgg gagggcatc caggctgcg cgcgagctg 
      gagcagaag cacggaatc cactgcaat ctcaccctt 
      ttgttcaac tttgcccaa gcagtggcg tgtgccgag 
      gccggggtg accctaatt tcgcccttt gtggggcgc 
      atcctcgac tggaacatc gccaacact gataagaaa 
      tcctacacg ggggacgag gacccgggg gtggtgtcc 
      gtcaccaag atttacaat tattacaag aagtttggg 
      tacaagacg gtggttatg ggggcgtcg ttcaggaac 
      attgaggag attaaggca ttggccggg tgtgacttg 
      ttgacgatc agtcccaag cttttgggg gagttggag 
      gcgtcgggc gaccccgtc cccaggaag ttgtcgccg 
      gaaaacgcc gccaaacag ccgctggag aagatcgcg 
      ctgactgaa tcgaccttc aggtggatg ctcaatgag 
      gataaaatg gccacggat aagctgtcg gaagggatc 
      aggaatttc gcagccgat agtgtcaag ttggagaat 
      acgatcaaa acgcaactg aaagcgtct ccgaaaaaa 
      taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC000616 RA
      gtttgaatt tgcgctggt gaatgaggg ccgggtatt 
      gggctatct tgtcttcaa ggtgaaagc gataacctc 
      agcacgccg caccagctt tcccttccc tcggaaaaa 
      cacacaatc atcgctgga cggcgaggt cgcgcgcga 
      taattttcc catttttaa cgcaaagac gaagatgtc 
      agagcctca gtgcaaaag aagcaagat gaccagctc 
      gctggaaca gctgaaggc tttgaccac ggtggtggc 
      cgacaccgg ggatttcga agcaatgaa aaactacaa 
      accgaccga cgccaccac caacccctc cctaatcct 
      ggccgcctc cgccctccc ccagtacaa acacctggt 
      gcagaaggc cgtgcaata cggcaacaa ggtgggcca 
      aaccaccga ggaaaagct ggaaaatgc gatggacct 
      actgtgtgt ccttttcgg cgtggaaat tctgaaaat 
      cgtccctgg acgcgtctc gactgaagt cgacgctcg 
      attatcctt cgacaagga agcgagtat cgcgaaagc 
      gaaaaagct gatccagct ttacgccga ccacgggat 
      cgccaaaga gcgcgtttt gatcaaact ggcctccac 
      ctgggaggg catccaggc tgcgcgcga gctggagca 
      gaagcacgg aatccactg caatctcac ccttttgtt 
      caactttgc ccaagcagt ggcgtgtgc cgaggccgg 
      ggtgaccct aatttcgcc ctttgtggg gcgcatcct 
      cgactggaa catcgccaa cactgataa gaaatccta 
      cacggggga cgaggaccc gggggtggt gtccgtcac 
      caagattta caattatta caagaagtt tgggtacaa 
      gacggtggt tatgggggc gtcgttcag gaacattga 
      ggagattaa ggcattggc cgggtgtga cttgttgac 
      gatcagtcc caagctttt gggggagtt ggaggcgtc 
      gggcgaccc cgtccccag gaagttgtc gccggaaaa 
      cgccgccaa acagccgct ggagaagat cgcgctgac 
      tgaatcgac cttcaggtg gatgctcaa tgaggataa 
      aatggccac ggataagct gtcggaagg gatcaggaa 
      tttcgcagc cgatagtgt caagttgga gaatacgat 
      caaaacgca actgaaagc gtctccgaa aaaataagc 
      acgattgca ttcctttgt aacgtttta tattgtgtc 
      taagttgaa aatatataa atttaatgc tt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY