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Gene information
General information
TC000379 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007417.3: 12246738..12247607
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC000379
    iBeetle screen iB_00081

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    head partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    head irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    head fragmented - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    thorax mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    thorax fragmented - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    abdomen constricted - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    abdomen partiallyeverted (inside-out) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    abdomen fragmented - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    Adult morphology
    abdominal odoriferous glands colour darker - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 6 (22 dpi)
    Days post injection



    abdominal odoriferous glands partially colour darker - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 6 (41 dpi)
    Days post injection



    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC000379 RA
      MRNLSLLSL FLVCTLFGY GHSLYFHIG 
      ETERKCFIE EIPDETNVI VNYKVELYD 
      PRSGGFMPS SPGIGMHVE VRDPDDKVL 
      LSRVYSSEG KISFTSHTP GEHVICMYS 
      NSSAWFSGS QLRVHLDIQ VGEHAVNYG 
      EVVQKEKLS ELQLRVRQL LDQVEQITK 
      EQNYQRYRE ERFRQTSES TNSRVLWWS 
      VTQTAVLLA MGAWQMKHL KSFFEAKKL 
      V
    CDS sequence
    • >TC000379 RA
      atgcggaat ttgtccctt ctgagcctt tttttagtt 
      tgtacattg ttcggctac ggccacagt ttatatttc 
      cacattggt gagacggag cgaaagtgt ttcattgag 
      gaaatcccc gacgaaaca aacgtcata gtcaattac 
      aaagtggag ctttatgac cctcgaagc ggtgggttc 
      atgccgtcg tcccccggg atcggcatg catgtggag 
      gtccgcgac ccagatgac aaggtcctc ctgtctcga 
      gtgtacagc tctgaggga aaaatctcg ttcacctcg 
      catacgccg ggcgagcat gtcatttgc atgtattca 
      aacagctcg gcttggttc agtgggtcc cagttaagg 
      gtccatctg gatatccaa gttggggag catgctgtc 
      aactatggg gaggttgtg caaaaggaa aagttgtcc 
      gaattgcaa ctgagagtg aggcagttg ctggaccaa 
      gttgaacag atcacgaaa gaacagaat tatcaaagg 
      tacagagaa gagcgcttc cgccaaacc agtgaaagc 
      acaaactcc agggtgttg tggtggtct gtcacacaa 
      actgcagtt ttattagca atgggggcg tggcaaatg 
      aagcatcta aagagtttc tttgaagcg aaaaaactt 
      gtataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC000379 RA
      caatttgaa gggacgaag cgccacctg taaaatccg 
      aatggtgcc gaatcgtga cgtgtccaa gaagaacca 
      aaataaata aaaatgcgg aatttgtcc cttctgagc 
      cttttttta gtttgtaca ttgttcggc tacggccac 
      agtttatat ttccacatt ggtgagacg gagcgaaag 
      tgtttcatt gaggaaatc cccgacgaa acaaacgtc 
      atagtcaat tacaaagtg gagctttat gaccctcga 
      agcggtggg ttcatgccg tcgtccccc gggatcggc 
      atgcatgtg gaggtccgc gacccagat gacaaggtc 
      ctcctgtct cgagtgtac agctctgag ggaaaaatc 
      tcgttcacc tcgcatacg ccgggcgag catgtcatt 
      tgcatgtat tcaaacagc tcggcttgg ttcagtggg 
      tcccagtta agggtccat ctggatatc caagttggg 
      gagcatgct gtcaactat ggggaggtt gtgcaaaag 
      gaaaagttg tccgaattg caactgaga gtgaggcag 
      ttgctggac caagttgaa cagatcacg aaagaacag 
      aattatcaa aggtacaga gaagagcgc ttccgccaa 
      accagtgaa agcacaaac tccagggtg ttgtggtgg 
      tctgtcaca caaactgca gttttatta gcaatgggg 
      gcgtggcaa atgaagcat ctaaagagt ttctttgaa 
      gcgaaaaaa cttgtataa agtcttata atttaataa 
      acatttctt tacacg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY