Status
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Gene information
General information
TC000993 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007417.3: 9473828..9475792
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC000993
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_00203

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    yolk irregular - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    yolk potentially degenerated - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 60.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt not fulfilled (died as L7 or prepupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection



    pupal molt not fulfilled (died as prepupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt delayed (still larva) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    larva lethality late (L7) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC000993 RA
      MSAIFRLAN RQTALKFKT NFGLLSLVR 
      PVTLKPQPA PKEEDLGHD ARNMKLGRP 
      QSPHLTIYA PQMTSMLSI SHRATGMIL 
      TFYTIVLGT GAIILPDSI ETYLNALEE 
      YHVGGVVLS VGKFILAFP LTYHYWNGI 
      RHLAWDIGL FLSLKEVYM TGFAMLGLA 
      YGSAAVLSV I
    CDS sequence
    • >TC000993 RA
      atgtctgca atattcaga ttagctaac cggcaaact 
      gctcttaaa ttcaaaact aacttcggc ttgttatca 
      ctggtccgc ccagtgact ctgaagccg caaccggcc 
      cccaaggaa gaagacttg ggccacgac gcccgcaac 
      atgaaactg gggcgtccg caatcgccc catttaaca 
      atttacgct ccacaaatg actagcatg ttgtcaatt 
      tcgcacaga gcgacaggc atgatcctt actttttac 
      accattgtg ttggggacg ggggcaatt atcctccct 
      gactcaatt gaaacttat ctgaacgcg ctggaggag 
      taccatgtg gggggtgtt gtgctatca gtgggcaaa 
      tttatcctg gcgttccct ttgacttat cattactgg 
      aacgggatt cgccacttg gcgtgggat attggactt 
      ttcctctca cttaaagag gtgtacatg actgggttt 
      gcaatgttg gggctggct tacggctct gcggccgtc 
      ctttctgtt atataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC000993 RA
      tttaaaaag ttacataac tactttaaa attaagtaa 
      acttcagga atttgggac ggcgttgcc aaatcgcaa 
      ttgttttga tcccattta cgtaagatt ttaattact 
      cttatcact cttggctgc agttaacag tcacgtaat 
      tgctatcac caacagttc gtactataa ttgcccata 
      ttcctaatc aaataaaac ggttacaca gggtaacca 
      caacatttg acaacgttg agcgagaac ctgccaaaa 
      gtcgaaatc atggcggcc atattcagg ttaggtaac 
      cgtcaaatc ctcagtcag cttcgaaat gaaaaactt 
      ggaatgttg tctctggtg cgccccgtg accctgaaa 
      gcccaaccg gccactaaa gaaattgac ataggccat 
      gacgaacgc aatatgcaa ttagggcgc ccacagtcg 
      ccccatttg acgatttac tcctttcag ttgactagc 
      atgttgtca attacacat agagcgaca gggatgatg 
      ctagctgga tatgccatt atgtggggt acaggagca 
      gtcgtcctt cctgacacc attccacat tatttggat 
      gcgttgcaa caggcacat gtggggggt tttgttttg 
      tcaatggga aagtttatg ctggcgttc cctatgtgt 
      taccatttc tggaatgga attaggcat ttggcttgg 
      gatcttgga cgtttccta acaattaag gaagtgtac 
      gctactgga tatgccatg ttagcatta actgtggct 
      tctgcaatt gctctaacg tctatgtaa attaaatta 
      tgtctttaa attatttct tcaactata gttgcaaca 
      aactgtttt tttcctcta ttcggtaaa tgattttta 
      ttaagttca aacgttcag ttgtaaggt ttaatttca 
      caaatagtc tgaaaagtg tgtcttgta attggtttt 
      tgccaagcg gtattttat tatttctga gttgtaaag 
      taagcgaaa cgaattgtt aatgtcttt aaatatatt 
      ttttgttta catcttgtg tttttttca tactttcct 
      tactcgttt atcagttta tcacaatac gggcgattc 
      cccgtgagt ttctttgac taaaaaact gagcaatct 
      acattttga caacattta aacaatctg ccaaagttg 
      aaaaatgtc tgcaatatt cagattagc taaccggca 
      aactgctct taaattcaa aactaactt cggcttgtt 
      atcactggt ccgcccagt gactctgaa gccgcaacc 
      ggcccccaa ggaagaaga cttgggcca cgacgcccg 
      caacatgaa actggggcg tccgcaatc gccccattt 
      aacaattta cgctccaca aatgactag catgttgtc 
      aatttcgca cagagcgac aggcatgat ccttacttt 
      ttacaccat tgtgttggg gacgggggc aattatcct 
      ccctgactc aattgaaac ttatctgaa cgcgctgga 
      ggagtacca tgtgggggg tgttgtgct atcagtggg 
      caaatttat cctggcgtt ccctttgac ttatcatta 
      ctggaacgg gattcgcca cttggcgtg ggatattgg 
      acttttcct ctcacttaa agaggtgta catgactgg 
      gtttgcaat gttggggct ggcttacgg ctctgcggc 
      cgtcctttc tgttatata aatttaaaa attgaaaat 
      taggcgcgt aggacgagt gctgcgccc tgtcctt

    If you use iBeetle-Base, please cite: Dönitz J et al.: Expanded and updated data and a query pipeline for iBeetle-Base,
    Nucleic Acids Res. 2018 Jan 4;46(D1):D831-D835. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkx984.

    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY